First, the basic knowledge of furniture

1. Furniture is composed of four factors: material, structure, appearance form and function. The function is the guide, which is the driving force for the development of furniture; the structure is the backbone and the basis for realizing the function.

2, from the materials used for furniture can reflect the level of productivity development at that time. In addition to commonly used wood, metal, plastic, there are also vine, bamboo, glass, rubber, fabric, decorative board, leather, sponge and so on.

3, the application of furniture materials also have a certain selectivity, which should mainly consider the following factors: processing technology, texture and appearance quality, economy, strength and surface decoration properties.

4, according to regional nationality can be divided into: Mediterranean style, Southeast Asian style, European style, African style, American style, Japanese style, Chinese style, etc.;

5, according to the genre can be divided into: classical style, simple style, popular style, rural style and so on.


Second, the Nordic style design

Scandinavian-style furniture draws on the Bauhaus design and incorporates Scandinavian features to create a unique style based on natural simplicity.

1. Danish design

Danish furniture design is a global classic design, highlighting humanity. A simple furniture design, in addition to shaping its observability, must also pay attention to the practicality of its structure, fully considering the coordination between the structure of the human body and the structure of the furniture. From the design, the feeling of hard furniture in the past has been changed, and the rationality of people has been added to increase the flexibility of furniture.

2, Finnish design

Finnish furniture designers have fully grasped the advantages of nature from the beginning, organically blending their agility with furniture, exuding natural artistic temperament. At the same time, modern Finnish design is closely related to real life. Through the development and utilization of various emerging materials, the furniture is exquisite and fashionable, and is more suitable for modern families.

3, Norwegian design

The Norwegian furniture designer inherits the original Nordic design concept, emphasizing the maturity and simplicity of the furniture, and the creativity. Through the clever use and combination of cabinet plates and metal, it presents an alternative effect and further strengthens the design. Whether it is elegant and meticulous export furniture design or natural and simple country design, it reflects the wisdom of Norwegians.

4, Swedish design

The Swedes are influenced by modern styles, market-oriented in furniture design, and work hard on the production process. They hope that furniture will enter the ordinary family, emphasizing economics, using pine and birch materials, and clean lines to outline the cascading structure. , highlighting the modern avant-garde.


Third, children’s furniture

With the improvement of people’s living conditions, more and more children have their own independent rooms. Many parents have invested huge enthusiasm and financial resources in the layout of children’s rooms, and equipped children with furniture that is full of childlike or common growth. It creates a good environment for growth, thus making children’s furniture quickly blush. Judging from the development of the furniture market in recent years, children’s furniture is one of the fastest growing categories in the furniture industry.

Children’s style furniture is roughly divided into three categories:

1) Solid wood children’s furniture, which has special styles for children in rural and rustic styles.

2) Panel children’s furniture, pure MDF is rich in color.

3) Pine children’s furniture: made of pine wood.


Fourth, solid wood furniture

Solid wood furniture is the main material of solid wood furniture. China’s solid wood furniture industry is currently in good development. The Zhiyan Data Research Center shows that with the continuous expansion of China’s solid wood furniture industry, China’s solid wood furniture industry will usher in a new development opportunity.

1, the advantages of solid wood furniture

Durable, environmentally friendly, exquisite craftsmanship, comfortable and warm;

2, the disadvantages of solid wood furniture

The main problem of solid wood furniture is that the change of water content makes it easy to deform. The solid wood furniture will be affected by the surrounding environment and change the water content at the factory. The change of water content will lead to deformation and cracking.

Therefore, the direct sunlight cannot be allowed, the indoor temperature should not be too high or too low, and the too dry and humid environment is not suitable for solid wood furniture. In addition, the combination of components of solid wood furniture is usually made of enamel structure and adhesive, and the finished product is generally not removable, and handling is inconvenient.

3, cleaning and maintenance of solid wood furniture

a. Use of solid wood furniture should avoid direct sunlight

Solid wood furniture should avoid direct sunlight during use. Intense ultraviolet radiation can fade the paint surface and affect the look and feel of solid wood furniture. At the same time, heat sources, heating, lamps and other equipment will make solid wood furniture deformed, should be as far away as possible. When placing overheated tea stoves, kettles and other items on solid wood furniture, add insulation pads to avoid scalding solid wood furniture.

b. The method of wiping solid wood furniture is particular

Solid wood furniture should be wiped with a soft cotton cloth, and the cotton cloth should be slightly wet. When wiping solid wood furniture, follow the direction of the wood texture. Do not use alcohol or other chemical solvents or detergents to avoid corrosion of the surface of the furniture.

c. Solid wood furniture handling should be “light and steady”

The handling of solid wood furniture should be very careful, and it should be “light”, “stable” and “flat”. Try to avoid bump damage. The floor on which solid wood furniture is placed should be flat, otherwise it will cause slow deformation.

d. Solid wood furniture should be waxed in time

Solid wood furniture will have a certain degree of fading after a period of use. In order to maintain the beauty of the furniture, it is necessary to wax the solid wood furniture in time, and you can do it yourself or by a professional. It is worth noting that the number of glazing and waxing should not be too frequent, preferably 1-2 times a year.

e. Avoid using alcohol, gasoline or other chemical solvents to remove stains

If there is stain on the surface of the furniture, do not rub it hard. Use warm tea to remove the stain gently. After the water evaporates, apply a little light wax to the original part, and then gently grind it several times to form a protective film.

Getting started with furniture helps you quickly understand the industry

f. Avoid hard scratches

When cleaning, do not let the cleaning tools touch the furniture. Usually, be careful not to let the hard metal products or other sharp objects collide with the furniture to protect the surface from scratches.

g. Avoid wet environment

In the summer, if the room is full of tides, it is better to use a thin rubber pad to separate the parts of the furniture that are in contact with the ground, and at the same time keep the gap between the wall of the furniture and the wall at a distance of 0.5-1 km.

h. Keep away from heat

In the winter, it is best to place the furniture at a distance of about 1M from the heating flow to avoid high-temperature baking for a long time, causing local cracking of the wood, deformation and deformation, and local deterioration of the paint film.

4, solid wood furniture wood type

Fraxinus mandshurica/Liu Wei/Poplar wood/Walnut enamel/Yellow pineapple/White bircWalnut wood etc.


Five, panel furniture

Panel furniture refers to disassembled modular furniture with wood-based panels as the main substrate and panel as the basic structure. Common artificial boards include plywood, blockboard, particle board, and MDF. Plywood (plywood) is often used to make furniture that requires bending and deformation; the performance of blockboard is sometimes affected by the core material; particleboard (also known as particle board, bagasse) is loose and only used for low-grade furniture. The most cost-effective, most commonly used is medium density fiberboard (MDF). The common finishing materials for panel furniture are thin wood (commonly known as veneer), wood grain paper (commonly known as sticker), PVC rubber sheet, polyester paint surface (commonly known as baking paint). Common artificial boards include fragrant boards, plywood, blockboard, particle board, and MDF.

1. Advantages of panel furniture

Fully effective use of wood, easy disassembly and assembly, fast production cycle, diverse shapes, stable shape, and not easy to deform

2, the disadvantages of panel furniture

(1) Not environmentally friendly

In order to obtain more benefits, some merchants produce inferior materials such as particleboard, and whether the veneers are all wrapped in furniture, it is easy to release formaldehyde harmful to the human body, which is not formal enough in environmental protection.

(2) non-natural

The biggest difference between the material used for panel furniture and the material of solid wood furniture lies in the naturalness of the material. Most of the current panel furniture is veneer design, which has repeated patterns and lacks the natural feeling of natural materials.

3. Cleaning and maintenance of panel furniture

a. Place it smoothly

The floor of the panel furniture must be kept flat and the four legs balanced. If the furniture is placed in a state of frequent swaying and unstable after being placed, the hoe or the fastener will fall off and the bonding part will be cracked, which will affect the use effect and reduce the life of the furniture. In addition, if the ground is soft and the furniture is unbalanced, do not use wooden boards or iron sheets to cushion the furniture legs, so that even if it is balanced, it will be difficult to evenly distribute the force. The long-term damage will damage the internal structure of the furniture. The only way to compensate is to trim the ground, or use a little A large area of ​​hard rubber sheet is laid on the south side to make the furniture legs stand smoothly.

b. Remove dust

It is best to use a cotton knit cloth to remove dust from the furniture, and then use a soft wool brush to remove dust from the embossed or embossed pattern. Painted furniture should not be wiped with gasoline or organic solvents. It can be wiped with colorless furniture glazing to enhance the gloss and reduce dust.

c. Avoiding the sun

It is best not to be exposed to direct sunlight in the position of the furniture. Frequent sun exposure will fade the furniture paint film, metal parts will be easily oxidized and deteriorated, and the wood will be brittle. Summer is best to cover the sun with curtains to protect the furniture.

d. Indoor humidity

Just keep the indoor humidity and don’t let the furniture get wet. In the spring and autumn, the humidifier should be used to limit the time to prevent the furniture from being damaged due to excessive humidity, such as wood decay, rusting of metal parts, and easy opening of the adhesive parts. Usually, wash the furniture as little as possible, and avoid using alkaline water. It should only be wiped with a damp cloth with water and then wiped clean with a dry cloth.


Post time: May-07-2019